After that, numerous countries in Europe adopted regulations regarding research with animals. 54, originally called the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act, was established in 1966 in response to growing concern for dogs and cats used in research, particularly with regard to a large number of reported thefts of dogs and cats for use in research institutions. Certain conditions are also excluded from coverage by AWA. It might open the use of animals in biomedical research to the hazards and vicissitudes of courtroom litigation. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in … This law excludes roughly 95 percent of the animals tested upon — such as rats, mice, birds, fish, and reptiles — and provides only minimal protections for the rest. The Act was amended eight times (1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, 2002, 2007, 2008, and 2013) and is enforced by the USDA through the Animal Care division of APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). Federal animal care standards mainly cover humane handling, housing, space, feeding, sanitation, shelter from extremes of weather, adequate veterinary care, transportation, and handling in transit. Circuit Court ruled that he had standing to sue. Failure to become licensed or registered is a punishable violation of the Animal Welfare Act. Other laws, policies, and guidelines may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care and use, but all refer to the Animal Welfare Act (otherwise known as the "AWA") as the minimally acceptable standard for animal treatment and care. It also requires the use of anesthesia or analgesic drugs for potentially painful procedures and during post-operative care. Those changes will be listed when you open the content using the Table of Contents below. Basic treatment was expanded to include humane and reasonable handling of the animals, and required shelter from weather and temperature extremes, proper ventilation, adequate housing, decent sanitation, and adequate veterinary care at all stages in the animal's life. 107-171, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 04:18. It may draw judges into the supervision and regulation of laboratory research. There are also penalties for interfering with inspections. Links to full-text documents are provided when available. The federal law called the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) sets high standards of care for lab animals with regard to their housing, feeding, cleanliness, ventilation and medical needs. The 2008 amendments also prohibited imports for resale of dogs unless they were at least six months of age, have all necessary vaccinations and are in good health. , In 2007, The Animal Fighting Prohibition Reinforcement Act amended section 26 of the Animal Welfare Act (Pub.L. , The first article, written by Coles Phinizy, appeared in the November 29, 1965, issue of Sports Illustrated. 2503, Protection of Pets (Pub.L.  The merits of the case were determined by a later case: Animal Legal Defense Fund v. Glickman, 204 F.3d 229 (2001), in which the Court rejected Jurnove's argument and upheld the validity of the USDA regulations. In January 2015 Michael Moss of The New York Times published an exposé on the alleged mistreatment of research animals at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center. Pepper's theft and eventual death prompts Rep. Joseph Resnick (D-NY) to introduce a Laboratory Animal Welfare bill in Congress, an early milestone in the history of the Animal Welfare Act. 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