But leaders of Gujarat’s lower castes have made clear that they do not want any company from “affluent” Patels on their rung of the social ladder. And, Patidars determine the outcome in 62-65 assembly seats where they have a strong presence. The agitation by the Patels has so shaken the government in Gujarat – the home that they share with Narendra Modi, the prime minister - that the authorities been rounding up key organisers. India's 15% of business and Gujarat's 70% of business owners are Patel. The Congress continues to strive to find its feet in Uttar Pradesh, the state which sends 80 MPs to the Lok Sabha. Up to 50 per cent of such positions are ring-fenced for Dalits (previously known as the “untouchables”), tribal peoples and social groupings designated together as “other backward classes” (OBCs), whose ranks include Mr Modi, a tea-seller’s son. The Patidar Yuvak Mandal was renamed Vallabh Seva Mandal in 1962. The BBC's … In eastern UP and Bundelkhand, Kurmi leaders like Jang Bahadur Patel and Sone Lal Patel helped the Bahujan Samaj Party make initial inroads into the community in the early 1990s. As tensions deepened last week, five men were arrested with a can of petrol and threatening self-immolation if Hardik Patel was not released, while other Patels threatened to convert religion to change their caste. ... “The Patels are a single caste with common social practices stretched across several classes. Mayawati was in power. Word reached the MP from Gonda who was also a minister in the Manmohan Singh government. The Kurmis are numerically the largest land-proprietary backward caste group after the Yadavs in UP and Bihar. She is a Leuva Patel (the supposed descendants of Luv), who constitute 8-10 per cent of the state's population. Patidars have been the most influential political community in Gujarat since Independence. At stake in the unconventional class struggle is access to millions of government jobs and free college places allocated to lower castes under the “reservation system” of affirmative action to counter ingrained discrimination. He contended that the real motivation for the Patels was a desire to maintain their grip on privilege in Gujarat. Modi was sworn in as Chief Minister on 7 October 2001,  and entered the Gujarat state legislature on 24 February 2002 by winning a by-election to the Rajkot – II constituency, defeating Ashwin Mehta of the INC by 14,728 votes. His party even claimed, incorrectly, that he was the first OPC prime minister. Patels are influential in 70-80 constituencies. Hardik Patel. There are more interesting stastics on surname Patel in Great Britain. Organisers accuse authorities of misusing power as Patel caste members continue to demand jobs in Gujarat. Priti Patel, MP, the environment minister. Mr Modi is due to address more than 60,000 mainly Gujarati Indian expatriates at Wembley Stadium in one of the highlights of a visit that will also involve lunch with the Queen at Buckingham Palace and several meetings with David Cameron. “Many Patels are facing economic hardship now and we need our share of the reservation quotas.”. “We are poor, landless and uneducated communities, who need quotas to give us a level playing field. "We will not let the Patel agitation succeed in snatching away the quotas which are meant for us,” said Alpesh Thakor, 25, who has organised counter-protests by communities that receive benefits. Of about 6 crore population of Gujarat, Patels constitute 1.5 crore. The prime minister, whose humble background is nonetheless generally viewed as the equivalent of lower middle-class in Indian terms, compared his roots to those of Bihar’s most impoverished. The Patidar dominance in Gujarat polity was challenged by Madhavsinh Solanki in the early 1980s when his Kshatriya-Harijan-Aadivasi-Muslim (KHAM) combination won more than 150 seats in the 183-member assembly. Fresh clashes were reported overnight and the … For some time around this period there was a concerted attempt to bring other agrarian communities like Marathas from Maharashtra, Patels from Gujarat, the Reddy clan from Andhra and Vokkaligas from Karnataka on one platform. He completed Bachelor of Science (BSc) from Bharuch’s Shree Jayendra Puri Arts and Science College, South Gujarat University, Surat in 1976. Wiki/Biography. The Congress saw an opportunity and reaped the benefits of an apparent split in the SP vote base. & Date 1. By contrast, the Patels – the family name of the Patider caste – are traditional landholders who over the years gained important roles in politics and commerce in Gujarat, a major trading hub. Hardik Patel rejected the offer as a derisory “lollipop” or political sweetener. The BJP appropriated Sardar Patel to challenge Jawaharlal Nehru’s legacy. And the movement’s firebrand champion Hardik Patel, a 22-year-old farmer’s son already in jail, lost a new court challenge to quash charges that he was plotting to overthrow the state. They are also known as Patidar in various states of India. Read more: Hardik Patel - face of Gujarat caste protests Police said some 70 buses were torched by the protesters. The lack of any support base among OBC communities proved fatal for the Congress in the Hindi heartland. whose humble background is nonetheless generally viewed as the equivalent of lower middle-class in Indian terms. Rajasthan is an exception, where the party could manage to survive due to a varied socio-political landscape where leadership in mid-segment castes among Jats and OBCs have lent the necessary heft to the party to remain in contention. The Congress had romped home with an impressive 20-plus tally from the state in the 2009 Lok Sabha polls to win another term at Centre. Jagdambika Pal is now a BJP MP. The public prominence of Hardik Patel and the nature of ticket distribution among candidates of both parties has led to political scientists and commentators noting that this time on, Gujarat is back to caste politics. British Raj first recognised them as separate caste in 1931. On 3 October 2001 he replaced Patel as Chief Minister of Gujarat, with the responsibility of preparing the BJP for the December 2002 elections. File photo: The numerically and economically strong Patel community of Gujarat converged in Ahmedabad in large numbers to take part in the rally, which brought the city to a grinding halt, File photo: The numerically and economically strong Patel community of Gujarat converged in Ahmedabad in large numbers to take part in the rally, Boris Johnson condemns Donald Trump after US Capitol violence, Boris Johnson: everyone in UK will be within 10 miles of their nearest vaccination centre, Fifty per cent more coronavirus patients in hospital than at peak of first wave, My beloved Republican party lies in tatters – and it must bear its share of the blame, Motherwell to appoint Graham Alexander as manager. Figures suggest that Patels can influence election results in 70-80 out of 182 Assembly constituencies in Gujarat. The Patidars or Patels of Gujarat, however, are politically the most organised and influential. In Awadh region, for instance, the SP had a hold over the Kurmi votes due to Verma. For the first four decades after Independence, the Congress in north, west and central India sought to build its social coalitions by stitching together an alliance between the upper caste and the most marginalised communities like Dalits, tribals and Muslims. And then we moved ahead to our next destination,” Verma, a raconteur par excellence, who passed away this year, told this reporter many years ago during an interaction at his home on Delhi’s Kushak Road. File photo of Patidar leader Hardik Patel (PTI). Santosh Gangwar has won all but one election from Bareilly since 1989. “The Patels may once have been rich, but many are becoming poor,” he said. The community has a strong presence in Vidarbha. Sardar of Patels Modi succeeded in claiming the legacy of Sardar Patel, but he is not Patel by caste. Among those detained and charged with serious offences, including in some cases the colonial-era crime of sedition, was Varun Patel, a protest leader, just hours before he due to give an interview to The Telegraph. Gujarat police chief PC Thakur told the AFP news agency that at least a … BJP aides have been busy working with the leader of Britain’s Patel community to avoid any embarrassing protests by his fellow Gujaratis when he visits the UK for a high-profile trip in November. Bavri or Baori -do- 6. Caste associations in Gujarat were formed mainly among upper castes to provide welfare (including recreation), to promote modern education, and to bring about reforms in caste customs. Bhadraniya has about 4,000 residents. Patel caste is one of the most progressive communities in India. In Bihar they have been largely aligned to the Janata Dal (United) because of Nitish Kumar. Hardik and Danani’s appointment is aimed to fill that void. Patels or Patidars comprise some 20 percent of Gujarat's 63m strong population, but their reputation extends far beyond the north western state in India. The showdown reflects the ingrained influence of India’s caste system, which dates back more than 2,000 years and was entrenched by the British in their divide and rule administration of the Raj. “If you do not give us our right, we will snatch it,” said Hardik Patel declared in typically confrontational form at one rally. Rita Joshi, then UP unit chief is now in the BJP along with her brother Vijay Bahuguna. For the past week the western Indian state of Gujurat has seen a prominent community known as the Patels holding mass rallies led by a charismatic 22-year-old political activist. When the BJP came to power, building a larger social coalition under the pan-community Hindu umbrella, the chief ministership went to Keshubhai Patel. Patel (Gujarati પટેલ, paṭel, pronounced petil) is a surname of Indian origin, originally meaning "headman" or "village chief" The name Patel derives from Patlikh, the record keeper named by princely rulers in Gujarat to keep track of the crops, pat being a parcel of land. Pride is the first characteristic of a Patel in Gujarati literature. A record which stands intact till date. They have travel alot not just by air or sea. We will not allow our quotas to be slashed to accommodate Patels or any other community.”. Baghel comes from the Kurmi community which is a decisive voter in the rice-bowl in central Chhattisgarh— sandwiched between the tribal-dominated Bastar division in the south and Sarguja forests in the north. The party’s investment on political leadership in the Reddy community in Andhra and Vokkaligas in Karnataka has paid dividends and helped the Congress survive in these states after fizzling out of contention in UP and Bihar. 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