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Bad and doubtful debts and their provisions are not deducted from the total debtors in order to avoid the impression that a larger amount of receivables have been collected. Investors and creditors use accounting information to evaluate the fi rm. Plagiarism Prevention 5. DEFINITION: “The indicate quotient of two mathematical expressions and as “The … Accounting ratios usually relate one financial statement amount to another. A turnover ratio of 8 signifies that debtors get converted into cash 8 times in a year. Debt – Equity Ratio =  Debt – Equity Ratio / Long – Term Debt, Shareholder’s Fund = Equity + Preference + Retained Earnings, Fixed Assets Ratio= Fixed Assets / Proprietor’s Fund= -1,80,000, Proprietor’s Fund=Equity Share Capital + Preference Share Capital+ Retained Earnings, Fixed Assets Ratio = 1,80,000 / 1,70,000= 1.05, Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities, Current Assets = Stores + Debtors + BR + Bank= 25,000 + 55,000 + 3,000 + 2,000 = 85,000, Liquid Liabilities = Debtors + Bill Receivable + Cash=55,000 + 3,000 + 2,000 = 60,000. Financial Ratio Analysis Assignment On K.Pastry. 2. Gross Profit Ratio is 20% which is a healthy sign. :                                                           By Non-operating Incomes, Interest                                    1200                                        Interest on Securities 1,500, Discount                      2400                                        Dividend on Shares 3, 750, Bad Debts                   3400    7000                            Profit on Sale of Shares 750   6,000, To Selling Distribution Expenses        12000, To Net profit                                       84000, 206000                                                                        206000, (i) Gross profit Ratio               (ii) Expenses Ratio (individual), (iii) Net profit Ratio                (iv) Operating profit Ratio, (v) Operating Ratio                 (vi) Stock turnover Ratio, Gross Profit Ratio =Gross Profit/ Sales * 100 =  2,00,000 / 500000 * 100, Expenses Ratio =Individual Expenses / Sales, Administration Expenses / Sales *100 =101000/500000 *100= 2.02%, Finance Expenses/ Sales *100 = 7000/ 500000 * 100=1.04 %, Selling and Distribution Expenses / Sales* 100= 12 000/ 500000 *100= 2.40%, Non- Operating Expenses / Sales * 100 = 2000/ 500000 * 100= 0.4%, Net Profit/ Sales *100 = 84000/ 500000 *100= 16.8%, Operating Profit Ratio =Operating Profit / Sales *100, Operating Profit = Net Profit + Non-Operating Expenses – Non Operating Incomes, Operating Ratio = ( Cost of Goods Sold + Operating Expenses)/Sales* 100, Cost of Goods Sold = Sales – Gross profit, All Expenses Debited in the Profit & Loss A/c Except Non-Operating Expenses, Operating Ratio = (3,00,000 + 1,20,0000) 500000 * 84%, Average Stock = (Opening Stock + Closing Stock)/2, Copyright © 2012-19 Finance-assignment.com All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions | Finance Homework Help. Problem 5: From the following particulars pertaining to Assets and Liabilities of a company calculate : (a) Current Ratio                     (b) Liquidity Ratio                  (c) Proprietary Ratio, (d) Debt-equity Ratio                         (e) Capital Gearing Ratio, Liabilities                                $                                  Assets                                      $, each                                                     500000                        Land & Building                     500000, 8% 2000 pre shares $ 100                                                       Plant & Machinery                  600000, Each                                                    200000                        Debtors                                   200000, 9% 4000 Debentures of                                                          Stock                                       240000, $ 100 each                                           400000                        Cash and Bank                        55000, Reserves                                              300000                        Prepaid expenses                     5000, Creditors                                             150000, Bank overdraft                                    50000, 1600000                                                               1600000, Current Assets = Stock + Cash + Prepaid Expenses + Debtors, = 2,40,000 + 55,000 + 5,000 + 2,00,000 = 5,00,000, Current Liabilities = Creditors + Bank Overdraft, Liquid Ratio = Liquid Assets / Liquid Liabilities, Liquid Liabilities : Creditors   = 1,50,000, Proprietor’s Ratio = Proprietor’s Fund / Total Tangible Assets, Proprietor’s Fund  = Equity Share Capital + Preference, Debt – Equity Ratio = External Equities / Internal Equities, External Equities = Long-term Liabilities + Short-term Liabilities, Capital Gearing Ratio = Fixed Interest Bearing Securities / Equity Share Capital + Reserves, Fixed Interest Bearing Securities = Preference Shares           2,00,000. 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